Minister of Culture of Egypt Farouq Hosny and Secretary General of the Supreme Council for antiquities Dr. Zahi Hawas declared that the team which comprised Egyptologists, archeologists and University Professors uncovered serious secrets that were not known previously during the conduct of studies and researches with radio-active materials over six mummies existing presently at the Egyptian museum and date back to the era of Modern Kingdom.
Two of these mummies were found in the tomb 35 at Kings Valley, another two were found in the mummies disguised burial at El-Deir Al-Bahary in 1982, while the last two were found at tomb No. 60 at Kings Valley by Heward Carter, one of them it was verified that it belongs to Queen Hatshepsut and the other for the Royal Nanny “Set Ra In”.The most astonishing and important discovery – that was announced during the press conference at the main parlor of the Egyptian Museum – is what was disclosed by Dr. Zahi Hawas during the study of mummies of Tohotmos 1st, 2nd and 3rd . It was revealed that the mummy which was thought belonging to King Tohotmos 1st was not a royal one and it was not for Tohotmos 1st but for unidentified person, which blow up all facts and information previously known on this mummy as belonging to Tohotmos 1st.
Minister of Culture Farouq Hosny explained that what confirms these discoveries and give them value is the fact that such findings came by an Egyptian Researching Academic team chaired by Dr. Zahi Hawas and according to the latest scientific systems and “DNA” laboratories dedicated for study of mummies, for first time in the world. In addition these facts are surprise of the 21st century that would erase lines in history and archeology books that were issued years ago and were recording the history of Pharaonic dynasties.
Dr. Zahi Hawas pointed out that the C.T. Scan study of the mummy existing in the Egyptian Museum that was found in the mummies disguised burial, it was for a lady with open mouth and it is believed that she was killed and she was screaming and she was embalmed accordingly, while the other mummy it was found that it was embalmed in royal position as her hand on her chest and by lapse of time the position was amended.
He made it clear that the analysis of “DNA” for Queen Hatshepsut proved similarity with Queen Ahmos Nefertary the wife of King Ahmos 1st, through punching unseen places that cause no harm to the mummy in addition to the comparison carried out by scientists for a “tooth” found in the jaw of mummy. This back tooth dropped from the mummy due to the deterioration of the Queen status because of the Diabetes disease so those who carried out the embalmment placed the tooth in a box with liver and intestine of the Queen.
Dr. Hawas clarified that as for the mummy concerning Tohotmos 1st known as father of Hatshepsut and Tohotmos 2nd her husband and Tohotmos 3rd son of her husband it was discovered similarity between mummies of Tohotmos 2nd and 3rd,while the X ray report proved that the first mummy which was thought of Tohotmos 1st is not for him and it became clear that it was for a person aged 50 years and he was suffering from weakness in teeth in addition to many other diseases and he died because of malignant tumor in the abdomen or complications of diabetes and following a stab by arrow.
The mummy of famous Queen Hatshepsut is regarded as point of focus of the entire world. She died before the year 1455 B.C. “i.e. since 35 centuries”. She was considered one of six Queens who ruled Egypt along its ancient history, extending over 30 centuries. Yet, she is distinguished from them all that she was the most strong one and most famous, and she governed Egypt in one of its best historical eras.She was the 5th among kings of the 18th Dynasty that was regarded as the Golden Age of Ancient Egypt that comprised most glorious and famous kings and Queens.
Following the death of King Tohotmos 1st his son Tohotmos 2nd “who was a son for a secondary wife” ascend the throne of Egypt, and he was compelled to support his right to throne to marry his sister Hatshepsut, the daughter of the main wife of the late monarch Tohotmos 1st. But Hatshepsut who her name meant “First of Noble ladies” did not produce but a female child namely “Nefro Ra”, so after the death of her husband Tohotmos 2nd his male son Tohotmos 3rd ascended to throne of Egypt, and he also from one of the secondary wives.
He was a young child, which turned the matters that Hatshepsut the wife of his father to be the Guardian of Throne of Egypt.
The destiny of mummy of Queen Hatshepsut remained unknown until the research efforts were resumed in the 19th century at tomb No. 20 at Kings Valley. Famous archeologist Balzoni worked in this tomb in year 1824 followed by James Brenton then finally Heward Carter “who discovered the tomb of Tut Ankh Amoun” in early days of the 20th century.
This tomb is featuring double nature as it was thought that it was belonging to Queen Hatshepsut, who in turn sought in later time to bring the mummy of her father late king Tohotmos 1st to be buried with her. Carter and Theodor Davies discovered in 1902 two coffins in the tomb, one of them concerns the Queen and it is existing now at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, while the other belongs to her father and is currently existing at the Fine Arts Museum in Boston, U.S.A..